Social processes

He describes elemental processes are those by which the separate elements of the social system are articulated and comprehensive processes are those by which several or all of the elements are articulated or involved.


It occurs among the two opponents on their personal level. A competitive struggle implies some agreement among the competitors. Competition between the two students in a class-room or competition between two players in a particular game is the bright example of personal competition.

It aims at causing loss or injury to persons or groups. It is a contest among individuals or groups to acquire something which has limited supply or insufficient in quantity and not easily available. It is gradual as the individual comes to share the expectations of another group and slowly acquires a new set of values.

These also known disjunctive social processes. Conflict is personal, competition is impersonal activity. Even in the most friendly relations and in the must intimate associations there is some point where interest diverge.

Since no society can function smoothly in a state of perpetual conflict, accommodation becomes necessary. If one does not cooperate with others, he is left to live a solitary life. According to him, the increase of population in geometrical progression and the means of subsistence in arithmetical progression is the main cause of conflict between the people.

When competition is personalised it becomes conflict.

Social Processes: Elements, Classification, Characteristics | Sociology

The acceptance of these suggestions is up to the discretion of the contending parties. Some of the important definitions of accommodation are given below.

It depends upon the nature of contacts. Striking workers stop strike after having an understanding with the management. Generally, the parties which are in conflict with each other give up the old value system and accept new ones when the conflict is over.

Competition takes place on the unconscious level.

Essential Elements Of Social Process

Those who take part in competition do not know one another at all. Ross in formulated a list of thirty eight social processes. Close social contact is another leading factor which promotes the process of assimilation in a greater way.


The essential elements of social process are: ADVERTISEMENTS: (i) sequence of events, (ii) repetition of events, (iii) relationship between the events (iv) continuity of events, and (v) social result.

Society is an expression of different social processes. Social processes are so fundamental to the life of a community that understanding of. Accordingly, social process have been classified into two broad categories, variously entitled ‘conjunctive and disjunctive, ‘associative and dissociative’.

Associative Process: The associative or conjunctive social processes are positive. These social processes work for the solidarity and benefit of society. Social process definition is - a consistent historical change within a society or social institution.

a consistent historical change within a society or social institution; a characteristic mode of social interaction.

Ginsberg: "Social processes mean the various modes of interaction between individuals or groups including co-operation and conflict, social differentiation and integration, development, arrest and decay".

The term social process describes a change that is consistent within a society over time. Though many of these processes have been defined, the processes of cooperation, competition, and conflict are three of the most common and stable within a society.

These forms of social interaction are also called as social processes. These are the modes of social interaction. In society individuals continuously come in .

Social processes
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Social Processes: The Meaning, Types, Characteristics of Social Processes