An examination of the process of puberty in girls

Conversely, menarche may be slightly later when a girl grows up in a large family with a biological father present.

For boys, the androgen testosterone is the principal sex hormone ; while testosterone is produced, all boys' changes are characterized as virilization. Clitoral enlargement and severe acne suggest androgen excess and virilisation.

Normal and Abnormal Puberty

Start with the problem of self-consciousness. A painfully self-conscious early adolescent can take this social cruelty very personally. Treatment includes medical and orthopedic management.

Gynecological issues A majority of females report that within one year of menarche they are having 10 or more periods per year. This disorder usually produces a clinical picture of incomplete puberty in which some of the milestones of puberty do not appear or fail to achieve the usual synchronicity.

The main target cells of LH are the Leydig cells of testes and the theca cells of the ovaries. Breast size varies from woman to woman, and there is no way to try to make your breasts larger or smaller other than going through plastic surgery, which is not always a very safe or healthy alternative.

Another limitation of the social research is that nearly all of it has concerned girls, partly because female puberty requires greater physiologic resources and partly because it involves a unique event menarche that makes survey research into female puberty much simpler than male.

This is no time for a young person to be uninformed about what is going on in their bodies because in ignorance they will believe they are unique and wonder what is wrong with them, when nothing is.

Effects of such small size can never be confirmed or refuted for any individual child. Potential fertility sometimes termed nubility usually precedes completion of growth by 1—2 years in girls and 3—4 years in boys. Levels of gonadotropins and estradiol are normal, and ultrasound images of the ovaries are unremarkable.

The doctor may also test your child's thyroid if he or she shows any signs of slow thyroid function hypothyroidismsuch as fatigue, sluggishness, increased sensitivity to cold, constipation, a drop in school performance or pale, dry skin.

Testosterone is a steroid hormone produced primarily by the Leydig cells of the testesand in lesser amounts by the theca cells of the ovaries and the adrenal cortex. Already feeling adrift from family and at sea in this brave new world of more social independence, puberty demonstrates how they are also out of control of their body.

Early puberty also correlates with increased sexual activity and a higher instance of teenage pregnancy, both of which can lead to depression and other psychosocial issues. They have cited obesity as a cause of breast development before nine years and menarche before twelve years.

Adolescence does not depend on puberty to start. The most important of the environmental influences is clearly nutrition, but a number of others have been identified, all which affect timing of female puberty and menarche more clearly than male puberty. In fact, in most cases adolescence begins first.

If genetic factors account for half of the variation of pubertal timing, environment factors are clearly important as well. Early puberty rarely is due to hormone exposure or a problem with the thyroid, ovaries, or brain. In addition, people may tease the girls about their visible breasts, forcing the early-maturing girl to hide her breasts by dressing differently.

Boys have testicles that are enlarged symmetrically without masses. Treatment includes medical and orthopedic management. The mucosal surface of the vagina also changes in response to increasing levels of estrogenbecoming thicker and duller pink in color in contrast to the brighter red of the prepubertal vaginal mucosa.

Measurement of serum levels of hydroxyprogesterone and dehydroepiandrosterone DHEA is advised, especially in girls with virilization. The maturation of intellectual thought, substantial psychosocial development, and a series of physical changes that reflect neurological and endocrinological processes are intertwined in the process summarized as puberty.

Slideshow: The Stages of Puberty

The cognitive changes that become obvious during puberty continue on into young adulthood. Puberty in girls usually starts between the ages of 8 and 13 and ends by around For boys, puberty usually starts between 10 and 14, and ends by around 15 or For girls, one of the first signs of puberty usually is their breasts starting to grow.

Puberty is the term used to describe the years during which a girl’s body undergoes the transition to physiologic adulthood. A series of changes happen in the body. These changes cause sexual development, a different body shape and an increase in height.

In girls, puberty is commonly defined as breast development, growth of pubic hair and menarche, the beginning of the menstrual cycle. At the turn of the 20th century, the average age for an American girl to get her period was 16 to Puberty in girls usually starts between the ages of 8 and 13 and ends by around For boys, puberty usually starts between 10 and 14, and ends by around 15 or For girls, one of the first signs of puberty usually is their breasts starting to grow.

Puberty in Girls: Changes & Stages Likes Comments Ask your question Puberty is a time of physical and emotional changes; it transforms a child into a teenager .

An examination of the process of puberty in girls
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Puberty - Wikipedia